IN A COOLIE’S MIND- THE CHINESE IMIGRATION SAGA


CHAPTER III

Michael Wong was sure he inherited his passion for fishing from his great grandfather Alfredo from Cienfuegos, back in Cuba. Antonio from Lima was also discovering so many similarities with his maternal grandmother. He loved to cook from scratch and wake up as early as anyone and look for things to repair or just keep himself busy. Walter and his computer skills evolved from the very moment he was born… somehow he counted instictively how many times the doctor slap his butt in order to welcome him into this world. His mind perhaps was already reckoning and channalizing what was transmitted from older generations and also what he inherited from his father who was an accountant and an avid reader, who was able to speak four languages before his 25th birthday. All in all, they were in an unimaginable journey to a so close past of their own…you wonder who is this? Yeah, me, myself and I. Never mind, I will tell you later. For now this is a composed and vivid sketchy narration of my own family and its story. Roxana, was afraid of water and to be alone or left alone from any relationship. How come? Her own inquisitve investigation took her back to her great great grandmother back in guang-dong. According to her father, her great grand mother was denied to get to America with the rest of her brothers who were male and paradoxically stronger for that infamous trip of four long months overseas. Needless to say and mention, the lack of water, food, or the minimum of supplies. Actually the cargo was considered almost subhuman, just like a cargo full of cattle or species from far India and China. Even Marco Polo would’ve been outraged by the treatment to the most simple people who wanted just to get out of their country, get a life and send for their own, left behind. The outcry was pathetic, as the nights and days were like drops of useless breath on their own sensibility. Some would sing and cry afterwards. A kidnapping effect on mostly simple peasants and quiet villagers…But oh, my God. What was waiting for them at the far end of another world? Imagine just yourself unable to speak a foreign language, just think of not being able to wake up in your own enviromment, not being able to cook your own food. Threaten to die at the hands of despicable and avaricious evil minds. Just the slow motion of your back being cut with a whip and some vinegar or salt for the contentment or entertainment of their master’s own boredom. Forget about human rights or just a simple first aid treatment. You were thrown overboard… put it easier, you would jump yourself, thinking, probably you would wake up from a nightmare… from the pit of hell…
…READ MORE….

Advertisements

PUBERTY IN THE USA– AS EARLY AS 7 YEARS OLD


Girls in the U.S. may be continuing to hit puberty at earlier ages, according to new research.

The findings suggest earlier development than what was reported in a 1997 study and show a worrying pattern, say the study’s authors, led by Dr. Frank Biro of Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Girls who hit puberty earlier are more likely to engage in risky behavior, Biro’s team notes, and might be at a higher risk for breast cancer, than their peers who develop later.

“This could represent a real trend,” Dr. Joyce Lee, a pediatric endocrinologist at the University of Michigan who was not involved with the new research, told Reuters Health.

Doctors are unsure of what could be causing girls to develop at a younger age, but rising obesity rates may be to blame, they say.

In a study published today in Pediatrics, Biro’s team examined about 1,200 girls aged 7 and 8 in Cincinnati, New York and San Francisco. Researchers, as well as the girls’ doctors and nurses, used a standard measure of breast development to determine which girls had started puberty.

Compared to the 1997 findings from girls across the U.S., girls in the current study – especially white girls – were more developed at a younger age. As previous research has shown, there were also large differences in development based on race.

At age 7, approximately 10 percent of white girls and 23 percent of black girls had started developing breasts – compared to 5 percent of white girls and 15 percent of black girls in 1997, the authors write.

Among 8-year-olds in the study, 18 percent of white girls and 43 percent of black girls had entered puberty – an increase from around 11 percent of white girls from 1997, but the same as black girls in that year.

This study and another published today in Pediatrics suggest that being overweight, both as a young child and growing up, makes girls more likely to enter puberty earlier. In the second study, Dr. Mildred Maisonet from Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health and her colleagues observed that gaining weight quickly in infancy – a predictor of later obesity – was linked to early puberty in girls in Great Britain.

Biro’s team found that girls with a higher body mass index (BMI) – a ratio of weight and height – at age 7 and 8 were more likely to be developed than their thinner peers.

Those authors warn that their study population, although diverse, doesn’t necessarily represent what’s happening in all U.S. girls. But they are continuing to follow the girls in the study to see when the rest of them hit puberty, and what other factors might be related to their rate of development.

Biro thinks that rising rates of obesity could be a major reason why girls seem to be developing faster than they did even 13 years ago. “We’re on the opposite side of an increase in BMI that has been seen in this country and in other countries,” he told Reuters Health.

Researchers know that heavier girls are more likely to enter puberty early, Lee, of the University of Michigan, said. That could be because overweight people have more of a hormone known to be linked to development – but it could also be a matter of the actual nutrients that girls get from their diet, she said.

Lee and Biro said doctors are worried about both the psychological and physical health of girls who hit puberty at a young age.

Studies have shown that girls who develop early are more at risk for depression and often start having sex earlier than girls who develop later.

“For the 11-year old that looks like she’s 15 or 16, adults are going to interact with her like she’s 15 or 16, but so are her peers,” Biro said. Girls who develop early “look physically older,” he said. “It doesn’t mean that they’re psychologically or socially more mature.”

In addition, women who spend more of their lives menstruating are at a higher risk for breast cancer – which, depending on when they hit menopause, could be a worry for girls who develop early.

Biro said that there are things families can do to minimize the possible risk of early puberty in young daughters, including eating more fruits and vegetables and eating together as a family.